Institute for Shock Physics, Washington State University
February 21, 2018
Government and National Lab
Chemistry, Physics: Chemical, Physics: Physics
Dynamic compression experiments subject materials to unique conditions – very large compressions, high temperatures, and large deformations – on short time scales resulting in a rich array of physical and chemical changes. Understanding the material response at these extreme conditions is of central importance to fundamental science and spans the disciplines of physics, chemistry, materials science, solid mechanics, planetary sciences, and applied mathematics.
Research activities related to the dynamic compression of materials are extremely diverse and challenging. As such, the Institute for Shock Physics aims to strengthen ongoing efforts to enhance the long-term intellectual vitality of this field, which is uniquely suited for studying material response under extreme conditions.
The Dynamic Compression Summer School has been established to provide an overview of dynamic compression science appropriate for upper-level undergraduates and first-year graduate students. The four and a half days of lectures, discussions, and tours will introduce students to the scientific fundamentals, broad scientific applications, and career opportunities within this vital, diverse and challenging field.
Schedule of Events
Day 1 Introduces dynamic compression science and the fundamentals of matter at high pressure.
Day 2 Continues with the foundations of dynamic compression, followed by an introduction to the opportunities available in dynamic compression science at the Institute for Shock Physics at Washington State University.
Days 3 and 4 Build upon the foundations laid during the first two days and focuses on applications of dynamic compression to address scientific problems in various areas including: materials science, geophysics and planetary physics, phase transformations, chemistry, and mechanical engineering.
Day 5 Provides an overview of career opportunities in dynamic compression science, with perspectives by speakers from each of the three major National Laboratories (Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, and Sandia).
Also included: comprehensive tours of the state-of-the-art facilities at the Dynamic Compression Sector, the Advanced Photon Source, and additional capabilities at Argonne National Laboratory.
Enrollment and Support Details • Enrollment is limited to 25 students. • Lodging and meals provided. • Travel support up to $500 is available.
About Institute for Shock Physics, Washington State University
THE INSTITUTE FOR SHOCK PHYSICS
A multidisciplinary research organization within the College of Arts and Sciences, the ISP undertakes a broad range of fundamental scientific activities related to understanding condensed matter response under dynamic and static compression. Washington State University has a long and distinguished history of conducting research in dynamic compression science. In 1997, the Institute was established with support from the DOE (Defense Programs) to ensure a strong, long-term academic base for the DOE’s national security mission, and is currently funded through NNSA’s Stockpile Stewardship Academic Alliance (SSAA) program.
Continuum-to-Atomic level understanding is the pervading scientific theme of the research activities that emphasize integration of innovative experiments with theoretical and computational advances. Multidisciplinary efforts that combine expertise in Physics, Materials Science, Chemistry, and Mechanical Engineering are underway to address several exciting and challenging scientific problems. In addition to the faculty within the Institute, students and faculty from several departments within the College of Arts and Sciences and... the College Engineering participate in the Institute’s research projects. Excellent research interactions are in place with the NNSA National Laboratories: Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, and Sandia.
A brief summary of the Institute’s activities follows. Experimental work, under dynamic compression, typically involves fast, time-resolved measurements in single event, impact experiments. Research projects currently underway include: time-resolved x-ray diffraction studies; pressure induced structural phase transitions; understanding of inelastic deformation and failure under dynamic loading; effect of material microstructure on dynamic deformation; chemical decomposition in energetic materials; development of fast optical methods to probe shock induced changes; effect of deformation on semiconductor properties; high pressure equation of state studies; and chemical and physical changes under static high pressures. Since Professor C. S. Yoo’s appointment in 2007, a strong static high pressure research program has complemented the shock wave effort. Very recently (Summer 2013), Professor Christian Mailhiot was hired to build a strong theoretical/computational research effort to complement the experimental activities.
State-of-the-art experimental and computational facilities are housed in the Shock Physics Building. Inaugurated in 2003, the building was designed specifically for shock wave research and represents a unique facility among academic institutions. The major experimental research facilities available for studying physical and chemical phenomena over a large range of length and time scales include the Impact Laboratory, Laser Shock Laboratory, Static High Pressure Laboratory, and the Compact Pulsed Power Facility. Among the Institute’s research capabilities is a Computational Facility designed to complement the experimental effort. Further details may be seen at www.shock.wsu.edu.